"To Be A Citizen..." Student Book

Prof.Dr.Ipek Gürkaynak
Doç.Dr. F.Dilek Gözütok
Dr.Sebnem Akipek
Ar.Gör. Melike Türkan Bagli
Ar. Gör.Tufan Erhürman
Ar. Gör.Fatma Özdemir Uluç

October 1998
166 Page


The books have been written by a team comprised of experts in different disciplines; they include necessary methods for education based on questioning, visual elements making the subject more attractive and contemporary issues. The books have been suggested to 7th and 8th grade students upon the 04.08.1998 date and 008378 numbered decision of Ministry of Education, Education and Training Council.

The books which were written by 6 academics from the University of Ankara Faculty of Law And Education Sciences are primarily written for students of secondary schools and teachers of Citizenship Information and Human Rights Education. But, the reader group of these books are not limited to these individuals. All the students and teachers wishing to read and cause other read a different and a contemporary book and teachers who wish to teach their students to think and produce ideas will like these books.

The student book has been written in order to make students think, develop their opinions and encourage students in human rights and basic rights and freedoms, concepts lying in the root of them, and in general about the responsibilities of being a citizen. The book aims to contribute students in a non-restrictive, guiding method in directing them to become inquisitive, questioning, criticizing and freely thinking, discussing, able to structure knowledge and solve problems.

It has been defended that citizenship is not restricted to activities and responsibilities like voting, paying taxes, serving one’s military service and a civil, democrat and participating citizen is aimed. Moreover, being a human requires one to give importance for the rights of other people in other nations, being against discrimination of all types, war, and torture. For this reason, in the student’s book, some sensitive issues like the death penalty has been addressed as well.

Teacher’s Hand book includes tips and suggestions for the teacher to enrich the lessons by giving examples, develop different approaches and try new techniques. When the teacher is reading and studying this book, it will be helpful and more productive if he/she also looks at the students’ book en order to make some determinations.

Naturally, the Students’ Book and The Teachers’ Hand Book comprises of the same subjects in the same order. There are 20 lessons in the books. The books start with a lesson with the topic of Universal Declaration of Human Rights and conclude with lessons with the topic Rights of Children. The first 8 lessons are about basic concepts like justice, responsibility, reconciliation etc. These lessons are studied since it is thought that they will prepare students for the upcoming lessons about rights and freedoms.

The 4 next lessons study the relations between the family and the child from different perspectives. After the lesson having the topic ‘The Constitution’, the last 7 lessons have been allocated to basic right and freedoms like the Freedom of Speech(Opinions), Freedom of Religion and Conscience, Right of Education, Right To Work etc.

books has been published in the first edition, but upon the interest shown on the book, 25.000 books have been published in the second edition.



Nazire Dedeman
Founder Chairwoman of Umut Onurlu Önderler Foundation

Education plays an important role in enabling the students to be effective and participatory citizens. Citizens who have assimilated the required values in a democratic society,and who are aware of their rights and responsibilities, and who possess the principles and values behind the concepts such as human rights, rule of law, state of law and maintain these values, can only be trained up with the education opportunities that includes necessary knowledge and skill for this properties.

Young people should learn the ways of being persons that are aware of their responsibilities as the more effective citizens, and being respectful to the rule of law but having the ability to cooperate for the amendments in system of justice, as well as being aware of and protecting concepts such as law, justice, penalty,etc., human rights, democratical values, main democratic institutions, the limits of rights and freedoms.

As a non-govermental organization that aims to young people’s training in line with the values above, Umut Onurlu Önderler Foundation is aware of its responsibility in this matter. Therefore, it is a natural activity that a book that covers mainly human rights, fundamental rights and respect towards them and a parallel Handbook for Teachers is written for 2nd grade primary school students besides various skill developing activities of which Umut Foundation is the initiator for the purpose of “training young people as persons who have adapted the rule of law, and who are supporters of peace rather than violence” ( for example, group work in the fields of settlements of disputes, compromise and intermediation).

It is a pleasant for us to contribute young people to become conscious about the necessities of citizenship and to acquire the skill of being an effective citizen.

I would like to express my thanks to distinguished authors Doç. Dr. Dilek Gözütok and Dr. Şebnem Akipek, Research Assistants Tufan Erhürman, Fatma Özdemir Uluç and Melike Türkan Bağlı, all of who have worked hard for the writing of the book Yurttaş Olmak İçin...( For Being Citizen...). I would like to extend my thanks to the head of writers group and director of this project Prof. Dr. İpek Gürkaynak who initiated this project and worked hard for the writing of this book from the begining till the end, and who even at the stage of printing provided a tactful handling for each illustrations and page layout as well as making efforts to create a smiling book.

I would also like to express my thanks to Tayfa, who carried out the agency works of the book; to Sevil Emili İlemre, the editor of the book; the illustrators Behiç Ak, Uğurcan Ataoğlu, Şenol Bezci, Ergin Çavuşoğlu, Gürbüz Doğan Ekşioğlu, Ceren İncesu, Halil İncesu, Mesut Kayalar, Osman Kehri, Huban Korman,Tan Oral, Nilgün Öneş, Emre Senan, Cem Şehirli, Haluk Tuncay, Mehmet Ulusel, Murat Yılmaz; to Ofset Yapımevi for their great contributions in second edition, and to all who have arduous efforts in this book.

I wish success and hope in the days ahead.

  • Why is this book written?
    Prof. Dr. İpek Gürkaynak
  • Universal Declaration of Human Rights
  • Legal Rights
  • Justice
  • Responsibility
  • Cooperation-Division of Labour
  • Participation
  • Conflict-Compromise
  • Peace
  • The Concept of Family
  • Democracy in Family
  • The Protection of the Child in the Family
  • The Protection of the Child against Exploitation and Negligence
  • Constitution
  • Right to live, Freedom of Religion and Conscience, Freedom of Thought
  • Right of Education and Right of Work
  • Right to vote and election
  • Freedom of Mass Communications and Private Life Secrecy
  • Right of Environment
  • Consumer Rights
  • Children Rights
  • Appendix 1: Universal Declaration of Human Rights (simplified and abbreviated)
  • Appendix 2: Contract On Children Rights (simplified and abbreviated)
  • Appendix 3: Evaluation criterion of the book “Yurttaş Olmak İçin...” (For Being a Citizen...)
  • Appendix 4: a newspeper article on death penalty